ex post ex ante

Ex ante analyses are rarely compared with ex post evaluations of the same policy. 0000034723 00000 n trailer Ex ante analysis is used prospectively to inform policy decisions by estimating a policy’s impact on multiple objectives. endstream endobj 80 0 obj<> endobj 81 0 obj<>/TrimBox[45.002 45.002 477.002 693.002]/Thumb 66 0 R/Resources 82 0 R/QITE_pageid<>/Type/Page>> endobj 82 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 83 0 obj<> endobj 84 0 obj<> endobj 85 0 obj<>stream Der Betrachtung ex ante, übersetzt „im Voraus“, steht die Betrachtung ex post („im Nachhinein“) gegenüber. ich sehe keinen Menschen vor der Tür. Was ist "Ex-post-Analyse"? ex post means we look at results and events after they have occurred. This is also termed as ‘wants of people’. September 14, 2003 in Law and Economics | Permalink, Lawrence B. 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In ex-post conditionality, the country receiving aid agrees to conditions set by the donor or lender that they will carry out after they receive the aid. 0000001364 00000 n For example, when cons… Definition of ex post : based on knowledge and retrospection and being essentially objective and factual consistency of market behavior, and therefore reasonable conformity of ex ante expectations with ex post reality, is basically determined by the social stability of the community — Werner Hochwald —opposed to ex ante Ex ante - von vorneherein - bezeichnet eine Perspektive für die Betrachtung eines Sachverhalts: Wird ein Sachverhalt aus der Perspektive betrachtet, bevor er sich ereignet hat, erfolgt dies aus einer ex-ante-Perspektive, danach aus einer ex-post-Perspektive. 16, 18:19: He was the project manager für an Ex Ante Investigation Ist das korrekt? )3g^���p���q�5~���샧�\Jnɸ�g���������m�6�����=���T�G"r`m��͑����J��L ���/��4!&���I��9s&YBD���'\q7m��h׵KbҘj9�vWt�\��GRr��-��rD��w3�ڣ�pw�����5��?f8q����G�&_%_��'���e{c2�•g�Lȶ�SC=�=w��zK�ZcP��FMc�ɣ��5��b� H�t�y\SW��K�"ay>����� ��F�@A\h�%� ����X*Z�8(� �3l#(XY0��JUtd����:�T�i����e����T��?��sϹ���9?ر A���>LXn1���1Z�R�b��ً�4y2��ښDXg�Y�ܐ��ݮ���3Q�4���ᾪ���J���p��L�h� �A� +�j �@"� R�� ���@>Ѓ]���p����+�ML'f�Mx ! eBook Shop: Ex post Moral Hazard - Theorie und empirische Evidenz von Julien Kleiner als Download. 0000031194 00000 n Ex post (lat. ex post - Über 3.000 Rechtsbegriffe kostenlos und verständlich erklärt! Ex-post returns are the returns … Die ex post-Kosteninformation basiert auf den tatsächlich angefallenen Kosten des vorangegangenen Kalenderjahres für ein Depot, während für die ex ante-Kosteninformation, die jedem Kunden vor Abschluss zur Verfügung gestellt wird, die anfallenden Kosten der einzelnen Transaktion als Indikator für die zu erwartenden Kosten dient. ��I��5�z�V�*[�/V1%�v�/�j��uʢ�]�B�0S��~?�QO��+ S|�r�=��Q����LƬ¬��c 0000029548 00000 n Our ex-ante model does not include items such as possible entry/exit costs to funds or closure fees whereas such costs would be included in ex-post reports, if incurred. 0000038877 00000 n In the field of finance, these terminologies depict the returns from an investment or any other economic activity. 79 36 The ex post perspective in legal theory is also loosely connected with deontological approaches to moral theory. ��}[T:�J�dh�C����ťf��� �o&�� w�d�6���eީ�urq�ne�n���g���� ����E"�?1�I�N��g�#�+k� ���p�6�|"�B�1Ȉ���@/vj�t��9�O�j���./��i���r������U!F*�U4[��0h$���ă���ថ=|����T|Xr�ȔZ(DV�ޔ��(�� �@A%_��?X5��Ri��8�k�i����y��Y���M(�3=���P��z�6. But the ex ante point is that if you can copy the drug freely, other drugs may not come into existence in the first place. If I had to select only one theoretical tool for a first-year law student to master, it would be the ex post/ex ante distinction. Fundamentally, the ex ante and ex post alternatives are not equivalents. Definition im Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon vollständig und kostenfrei online. • Ex: the drug Viagra was waiting for an economic actor to recognize it and then exploit it. Later follow-ups determine whether they might receive more aid. Ex Post based on actual results rather than forecasts. Das Volkswirtschaftliche Rechnungswesen liefert die umfassendste Ex-post- Analyse des Wirtschaftsprozesses. A credit crunch is more likely to occur ex post if… 6 Antworten: ex post facto: Letzter Beitrag: 23 Okt. The ex ante–ex post distinction provides a convenient way to interpret the contributions of the literature. ex post-Analyse ist die Untersuchung wirtschaftlicher Zusammenhänge im nachhinein. <<8E19108C56BBB048A67F794C0DC6CEFE>]>> Ex-post is another word for actual returns and is Latin for "after the fact." Ex ante based on forecasts rather than actual results. Die nachträgliche Bekanntgabe von bereits durchgeführten Vergaben dient der Erhöhung der Transparenz im Vergaberecht, macht die Vergabeentscheidung für den Bieter und beugt Unregelmäßigkeiten (z. Programme bezieht und eine Ex-Post-Bewertung ihrer jeweiligen Projekte und Hauptinterventionsbereiche vornimmt und Forschritte bei der Umsetzung untersucht, zu erstellen und dem Europäischen Parlament sowie dem Rat einmal jährlich, spätestens am 30. Das Rechtswörterbuch von JuraForum.de . The Ex Ante and Ex Post perspectives, are always defined with regard to some event that might occur, or has occurred. 0000034295 00000 n 0000003266 00000 n ex ante synonyms, ex ante pronunciation, ex ante translation, English dictionary definition of ex ante. xref Möchten Sie ein Wort, eine Phrase oder eine Übersetzung hinzufügen? Ex-post is the opposite of ex-ante, which means "before the event." 0000030655 00000 n Jetzt eBook herunterladen & mit Ihrem Tablet oder eBook Reader lesen. 0000035098 00000 n Ex-ante-Triage) auch die Situation gefasst, dass Patient A bereits beatmet wird, als Patientin B eingeliefert wird (Ex-post- oder auch Verlaufstriage). Deontologists, on the other hand, care very much about who has acted rightly and wrongly. Untersuchungsmethode der theoretischen Volkswirtschaftslehre, die geplante bzw. This is a useful framework because people often conflate the two in their reasoning. tanto ante [o. post] so lange vorher / nachher. See more. @��P@�`# � ��@�]�t�5�! Bei einer Betrachtung ex post sind dem Betrachter auch alle später ablaufenden Vorgänge bekannt ("Nachher… These comparisons can assess the realism of assumptions in ex ante methods and reveal opportunities for improving prospective analyses. ��c��6�����~~��l �������:=���c�Ym�F+�3پt�JE'� 0000018031 00000 n Die Ex-Post-Transparenz bezeichnet die Pflicht von Vergabestellen, ihre Zuschlagsentscheidungen zu veröffentlichen. „aus danach“) ist ein Begriff der juristischen Fachsprache und bezeichnet die Beurteilung aus nachträglicher Sicht. Because it marks an important theoretical divide between consequentialist and deontological approaches to legal theory. The opposite of ex-ante is ex-post(actual) (or ex post). 0000019038 00000 n Ex ante means "before the event". multis ante tempestatibus. For example, think about how you should respond to learning about a cheating spouse. Gegenwörter: [1] ex ante. Ex ante definition, based on anticipated changes or activity in an economy (opposed to ex post). Doing this first for some of the past values of tt is often a useful exercise for developing a better forecasting model. ex post - ex ante: Letzter Beitrag: 13 Nov. 07, 17:25: Habe ich die Begriffe richtig eingebaut? 0000019792 00000 n Ex-Post is the opposite of the term Ex-Ante. 79 0 obj <> endobj 0000031968 00000 n In Ex-Post Ausschreibungen, bzw. solitudo ante ostium Ter. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'ex post' auf Duden online nachschlagen. In general jurisprudence, we might associate the ex post perspective with legal formalism. 0000032020 00000 n [2] Übersetzungen 0000033562 00000 n Main The above example was that of planned and actual spending. Once the event that ex-ante analysis attempted to predict has passed, it’s then possible to compare expectations versus actuals, which is called ex-post. Usually, the ex-post value is calculated by taking into account the starting and closing values of the asset during a defined period – any increase or decline in asset value and the earned income during the period. Bei einer Betrachtung ex ante entfallen alle später ablaufenden Vorgänge, die zum Betrachtungszeitpunkt noch nicht… In contrast, ex post analysis of impacts that may have multiple causes can retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of policies. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'ex ante' auf Duden online nachschlagen. (eks ˈpoust) adjective. erwartete Grössen zum Gegenstand hat.Die Wirtschaftstheorie, in deren Mittelpunkt die Analyse der Wirtschaftspläne von Wirtschaftssubjekten steht, ist eine Domäne der Ex-ante-Analyse. The ex ante perspective is forward looking. The public consultations on the proposed New Competition Tool and the Ex Ante Regulation that are part of the Digital Services discussions both seem to regard competition enforcement as ex-post intervention and regulation as ex-ante. 0000001961 00000 n The contributions that focused on inequalities between social groups defined in terms of circumstances have naturally adopted the ex ante per-spective. Modified entries © 2019 by Penguin Random House LLC and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd. „aus vorher“) ist ein Begriff der juristischen Fachsprache und bezeichnet eine Beurteilung aus früherer Sicht. If a fund manager succeeds in substantially outperforming the market, ex post they made the right decisions. ex ante is Latin for before the event. Ex-ante or notional demand refers to the desire for goods and services which is not backed by the ability to pay for those goods and services. Ex ante definition, based on anticipated changes or activity in an economy (opposed to ex post). lange vorher, nachher. The art and science of forecasting is all about bringing these forecast errors down to zero, as close as possible,for all future values of tt. Economic variables like consumption, investment, savings, etc. startxref 0000002165 00000 n In tort law, for example, corrective justice theories of tort are associated with the ex post perspective. 1�0J�\�V�?��L���g�*[�Rɦ�}��yM~��� Sollten die Auswirkungen doch gravierender sein als eigentlich erwartet, geht dies zulasten des Täters. Ex-ante investment refers to the desired investment or planned investment during the period of one year. vor Ende. Ex-Ante- und Ex-Post-Veröffentlichungen anlegen 10 4. 3 VOB/A hat der Auftraggeber nach Zuschlagserteilung auf geeignete Weise, z.B. Ex post definition, based on analysis of past performance (opposed to ex ante). �=�͐�?�Zki��ޕ�(Rn˫M=�'nF����q�d~�R�Z��%d�)u�J����|�qm�X ? ex ante-Analyse ist die Untersuchung wirtschaftlicher Zusammenhänge im vorhinein. Ändert das die rechtliche Bewertung? Analysts use the ex-post information on investment earnings and security price fluctuations to estimate the expected returns. Investors can use the ex-post data to get the actual performance of a securitySecurityA secur… Ex ante analysis is used prospectively to inform policy decisions by estimating a policy’s impact on multiple objectives. Geprüftes Wissen beim Original. Mit ex ante wird der vorhergehende Zeitpunkt mit ex post ein nachfolgender Zeitpunkt in Bezug auf ein zu beurteilendes Handeln bezeichnet. An ex ante approach properly measures the value of an asset at the time it was taken, whereas an ex post approach converts a risky investment into a certain outcome. In contrast, ex ante funds are preferable when firms have enough … ex ante meaning: 1. calculated or existing before a particular event: 2. calculated or existing before a particular…. �d�����3g�|? Beurteilung ex-post oder ex-ante Tags § 323c; ex post; ex ante; Unglücksfall; Perspektive Problemaufriss Strittig ist, ob die Beurteilung des Vorliegens eines Unglücksfall ex-ante oder ex-post festzustellen ist. 0000001426 00000 n Ex ante analyses are rarely compared with ex post evaluations of the same policy. The competition rules are commonly referred to as an ex-post instrument; regulation is frequently referred to as ex-ante. (Of course, this is cheating, because there is a lot packed into the distinction.) adj , adv based on what is expected to happen: ex ante risks. Rather, a consequentialist cares about the consequences of attaching liability to those who act like A did. People won’t have as much incen- … Ex Post based on actual results rather than forecasts. From the ex ante point of view, we ask questions like: What effect will this rule have on the future? Die Einteilung in Gruppen erfolgt anhand von Ereignissen, die in der Vergangenheit liegen (daher auch der Name). The Creation Theory 2. B. Korruption oder ungerechtfertigte Bevorzugung einzelner Unternehmen) vor. Both routes to state-sponsored judicial review of federal executive action carry concerns, but they are not the same concerns. 0000033215 00000 n A credit crunch is more likely to occur ex post if… 6 Antworten: Ex Ante Investigation - Vorab-Untersuchung: Letzter Beitrag: 31 Okt. 0000001016 00000 n When you’re making a prediction, you’re doing so ex ante. 0000020538 00000 n The projected return (ex-ante) is then compared with the actual return (ex-post) to determine the accuracy of the company’s risk assessment methods. Ex ante, is a strict liability rule or a negligence rule more efficient? %PDF-1.6 %���� The line dividing advocates in the Net Neutrality debate is defined substantially by faith in the power of government regulations versus faith in the discipline of markets as the guarantors of consumer welfare. It means after the occurrence of an event. Examples of ex ante and ex post thinking. 0000032883 00000 n Ex ante (lat. Hence, the term is important for those who rely upon actual or historical results of security for further decision-making. An ex post approach would incorporate the actual economic factors that … 0000030225 00000 n "���j"��#��X���W�%è1�-���0�&����`=ƈـ���`T�H�f���9& Ex-ante predictions are often inaccurate since it is impossible to account for variables, which are affected by market forces of supply and demand. Ex-Ante Kosteninformation. Subjective Opportunities • Opportunities are created through a series of decisions to exploit a potential opportunity • it is difficult to separated the ex ante and ex post theory of opportunities. Unlike ex-ante, which is based on estimated returns, ex-post represents the actual results attained by the company, which is the return earned by the company’s investors. Ex post, the CA is better informed because it observes some characteristics of the merger. Ex-post is a Latin word that means “after the event,” and it is the opposite of the Latin word “ex-ante.” Investment companies use the concept to forecast the expected returns of a security based on the actual or historical returns earned by the security. Wählen Sie aus, ob Sie eine Ex-Ante oder Ex-Post-Veröffentlichung erfassen möchten. ex post analysis of impacts that may have multiple causes can retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of policies. | Legal Theory Lexicon 002: The Coase Theorem ». Buying a lottery ticket loses you mone… 0000039104 00000 n Key Takeaways Ex-post is a word for actual returns and translates from Latin as "after the fact." Für unsere Investmentfondsberatung zeigen wir auf, welche Problematik für Berater und Kunden besteht und zu welchen unsinnigen Ergebnissen die gesetzlichen Vorgaben führen. This information can be of use to an individual investor, analysts, investment companies, mutual funds, corporations, and the government and its agencies. Ex-Post Bekanntmachungen können sich Unternehmen nachträglich über die erfolgte Auftragsvergabe in Vergabeverfahren der Freihändigen Vergabe oder Beschränkten Ausschreibung ohne Teilnahmewettbewerb informieren. Ex ante definition is - based on assumption and prediction and being essentially subjective and estimative —opposed to ex post. Ex post = Betrachtung im Nachhinein (realisierte Größe) Beispiel y=C+S (Einkommen=Konsum+Sparbetrag) y=C+I (Produktion=Konsumgüter+Investitionsgüter) è S=I, d.h. die Ersparnisse entsprechen den Investitionen è diese Bedingung gilt stets ex post, jedoch nicht ex ante, da hier eine genaue Übereinstimmung der Beträge eher unwahrscheinlich ist Nominal = in Zahlen … However, they could have used a monkey throwing darts to pick their stocks, so ex ante they were borderline-negligent, and you probably shouldn’t trust them with your money. 0000038126 00000 n Die Beurteilung ex post bildet den Gegensatz zur Beurteilung ex ante („aus vorher“ oder „von vornherein“). 0000001798 00000 n The terminology comes from law and economics, and here is the basic idea: Of course, this very basic introduction to the distinction is oversimplified. Die Idee dahinter: Während der Kunde Ex-ante-Kosteninformationen, die seit Anfang 2018 Pflicht sind, entnehmen kann, mit welchen Kosten beim Erwerb oder Verkauf eines Finanzinstruments zu rechnen ist, sollen die Ex-post-Kosteninformationen offenlegen, welche Kosten durch eine Finanzanlage tatsächlich entstanden sind. 114 0 obj<>stream !��=�E�r!�|��� 9��8������F�}�'8O�����m� z=x 3�pe0�FN��i(�@;�ԃ$(D����4�#�5`����f6,�')��3Q���L3ʄEi\��o�\a@�y�Rd�_��۟ Bei ihr entfallen später ablaufende Vorgänge, die zu einem früheren Zeitpunkt noch nicht bekannt sein konnten. In contrast, ex post analysis of impacts that may have multiple causes can retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of policies. ... morale hazard and/or planned fraud), and ex post moral hazard (i.e., claim build-up and/or opportunistic fraud). Dem Betrachter sind hier auch später ablaufende Vorgänge bekannt, die zu einem früheren Zeitpunkt noch nicht bekannt sein konnten. Ex-Post-Facto Design. Erfassung Ex-Ante/Ex-Post-Bekanntmachung Diese Aufgabe startet bereits automatisch, so dass Sie das nächste Formular gleich ausfüllen können. Während wir also bei der Beurteilung der Notwehrlage eine ex-post Perspektive zugrunde legen, ist an diesem Punkt ex-ante zu untersuchen, ob die Handlung des Angegriffenen den Anforderungen an die Erforderlichkeit genügt. Learn more. How to use ex ante in a sentence. Any forecast ˆYtYt^ of the actual value YtYt is associated with the forecast erroret=Yt−ˆYtet=Yt−Yt^. Example of ex ante and ex post. Man muss jedoch verlangen, dass der DFB… Nach § 20 Abs. T�L� 6d� On the other hand, ex-post means “after the event,” while ex-ante means “before the event.” Ex-post is backward-looking, and … Sie nennen sich Ex-ante und Ex-post Kosteninformationen. ex ante means we look at future events based on possible predictions. ex ante: vorab, zuvor, vorher Gegensatzwörter: ex post Anwendungsbeispiele: 1) Eine ex ante Planung konnte nicht vorgenommen werden, da nicht alle Daten bekannt waren. Ex post ist das Gegenteil zu Ex ante… If you are a first-year law student, you might make a habit of asking yourself questions like the following: Many law professors shift between ex ante and ex post perspectives in their lectures, comments, and questions, but not all. The opposite of ex ante is ex post, which means after the event. Why is the distinction between ex ante and ex post so important? 0000033908 00000 n c) Gebotenheit der Verteidigungshandlung. Bei einem Ex-Post-Facto Design untersucht man bereits existierende Gruppen auf eine abhängigen Variable. Ex post - im nachhinein - bezeichnet eine Perspektive für die Betrachtung eines Sachverhalts: Wird ein Sachverhalt aus der Perspektive betrachtet, nachdem er sich ereignet hat, erfolgt dies aus einer ex-post-Perspektive, davor aus einer ex-ante-Perspektive. aus den Vorräten. For example, a fairness-based theory of torts might consider future consequences in assessing legal rules, and even utilitarian legal theories must use ex ante information when evaluating particular cases. A should be liable to B, only if A has acted wrongly. 0000018928 00000 n ex post in American English. Ex Post v. Ex Ante Regulatory Remedies. ��$ܷ�`�l�������G+u���ke�L�L����q!=�U��J�Z��7�3rYCG�Z�}��x�, �����%���X@ There is an example of ex ante and ex post in this blog from Paul Krugman below about the decision of the Fed to raise interest rates. Somit wird bei einem Ex-Post-Facto Design die unabhängige Variable erst nach Datenerhebung festgelegt. Ex-ante vs. ex-post. Much debate in types of conditionality centers around ex-ante versus ex-post conditionality. This is the approach proposed, in different frameworks, by Van de gaer (1993) ex ante praeparato. Beispiele: [1] Die errechneten Werte konnten in einer Versuchsmessung ex post bestätigt werden. Consequentialists, we might say, simply don't care about the question whether A has violated the rights of B, for their own sake. The term ex-ante (sometimes written ex ante or exante) is a phrase meaning "before the event". 0 0000032131 00000 n 0000039209 00000 n viele Jahre vorher. 0000000016 00000 n longe ante, post. based on analysis of past performance (opposed to ex ante ) Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. Beschreibung und systematische Erfassung von Geschehnissen, die bereits stattgefunden haben. Ex post: Pr o b a b i l i t y (G ∣ H) = 1 and Pr o b a b i l i t y (B ∣ L) = μ B > 1 2. Der Kunde muss vor Erwerb des Finanzinstruments über die Kosten informiert werden (Ex ante - Kostenausweis) und danach mindestens jährlich, sofern eine laufende Geschäftsbeziehung besteht (Ex post – Kostenreporting). See more. '��,��R��Xm�Kl��˾g���� �4s^q�s��y�|.�fZ��a�T��~�� tx��x^P�D8u8�;��,wy�ZO�"���t����jj�z����vi��Ìg3�fv�2 Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. 0000034613 00000 n Only one thing is true about forecasts - they are always wrong. 0000016212 00000 n ex post - ex ante: Letzter Beitrag: 13 Nov. 07, 17:25: Habe ich die Begriffe richtig eingebaut? Yes, that is the ex post analysis—the analysis that makes sense once the drug exists, two parties are feuding over it, and we take those things as givens. Will decision of a case in this way produce … 0000017268 00000 n 0000035463 00000 n There normally arises a difference or deviation between what is intended or planned and what actually takes place, and the concepts of ex-ante and ex-post account for that. %%EOF From this perspective, ex post assessments should be minimized and financing should be ex ante . zusammengesetzt aus lateinisch ex → la „aus, von … her“ und post → la „hinter, nach“ Synonyme: [1] hinterher. Ex-ante is used most commonly in the commercial world, where results of a particular action, or series of actions, are forecast in advance (or intended). Füllen Sie Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Ex ante analyses are rarely compared with ex post evaluations of the same policy. Ex- Post and Ex- Ante is terms of Latin origin that mean “after the event” and “before the event” respectively. Seit 2018 sind Banken, Finanzdienstleister und Finanzberater nach der europäischen Finanzmarktrichtlinie MiFID !! Looking back at … An ex ante approach would not consider these factors, and the “no peeking” projection of the hypothetical but-for results of the plaintiff would likely be more optimistic and result in a larger damages amount. Bei einer ex ante Betrachtung wird zur Beurteilung auf das abgestellt, was vor dem Handeln erkennbar war, bei der ex post Betrachtung werden auch erst nachträglich erkennbar gewordene Fakten mit berücksichtigt. This is the investment expenditure which is intended to … If one of your professors seems to adopt one of these perspectives all or almost all the time, that is likely a clue about their theoretical orientation towards the law. Define ex ante. The Creation Theory 1. For that reason, we assume that 7: Ex ante: Pr o b a b i l i t y (G ∣ H) = μ G > 1 2 and Pr o b a b i l i t y (B ∣ L) = μ B > 1 2. Ex-Post-Facto Forschung ist ein Ersatz für … x�b```g``1c`e`��g`@ �+��]�)��S+��(S4S3Ü��^AS�t1l3=��S�Hp��}��E�2-�9���1�D�K)Jߖ~t�F���o�~��d���RZ�n8�C�4FhF6���a ���`}>Vvu��=�������{��yC�C5�u� ��,�6�2�3�i�o�W��a�e�b\�� 6'F�v ��V((F0@z^�>��Ue ��C See more. From the Cambridge English Corpus. Definition of ex ante : based on assumption and prediction and being essentially subjective and estimative an ex ante plan for the budget consistency of market behavior, and therefore reasonable conformity of ex ante expectations with ex post reality, is basically determined by the social stability of the community — Werner Hochwald — opposed to ex post

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