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pericles' funeral oration rhetorical analysis

The He was an axial thinker, seeking truth over wisdom, and virtue over knowledge. Within his speech, Pericles focuses on acting for the greater good of the city, which included sacrificing oneself much like the modeled sacrifice the dead had displayed through their valor. This is not an example of the work written by professional academic writers. The expectations of women throughout that century, such as staying at home and serving their spouse, were adhered to by many. by admin April 10, 2016, 10:17 pm 1.5k Views. Pericles idealized motives continuously praised Athens: the dead, ancestors, and the city. Pericles’ Funeral Oration stands as the grand exemplar of epideictic oratory, specifically the form of epideictic known to the Greeks as epitaphios logos, and to us as a eulogy. They dwelt in the country without break in the succession from generation to generation, and handed it down free to the present time by their valor.” The Athenian’s ancestors allowed for the future greatness and the ultimate formation of the government through their great and honorable patriotism. (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Memorial Oration through the Peloponnesian Warfare (Book 2 . (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the … Following the war's first campaign, the people of Athens asked Pericles, the republic's first citizen, to give a speech praising those who had fallen in the conflict. (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c.460/455-c.399 BCE): Pericles’ Funeral Oration from the … This famous speech was written by Thucydides, but given by Pericles sometime during Athens’ Pelponnesian War. Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis. The speaker talks about how Pericles was looked at as a perfect ruler. It was the first of its kind, as the known history of Athens shows no other speech breaking away from the traditional formula of the funeral oration prior to this one. He encouraged others to examine life, and constantly question what the people believed to be true. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Why do we fight wars if they just cause death and sorrow. Plato wrote Socrates’ Apology to express his ideas and opinions on the flaws of democracy. Although the subject of his speech was in honor of the fallen soldiers who died gloriously defending Athens, he primarily praised Athens and everything it stood for. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. - Pericles in Thucydides 2.451 This comment occurs in the closing sequence of the epitaphios of 431/0 attributed to Pericles. As is customary during war, Athens holds a public funeral to both celebrate and mourn their fallen soldiers. (Ancient History Sourcebook: Thucydides (c. 460/455-c. 399 BCE): Pericles’ Memorial Oration through the Peloponnesian Warfare (Book 2 . 2 pages, 523 words. Add Pericles' Funeral Oration to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and the accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the particular dead had fought for. hers who is least talked of among the men whether for good or for bad.' Our staff has deep expertise in study design, imaging techniques and more. Assignment: Rhetorical Analysis of Pericles' Funeral Oration Pericles led Athens at the height of its classical glory, and from the funeral oration he gave, as recorded by Thucydides, we get a sense of how the Athenians thought of themselves, as well … However, he himself feels that the heroic deeds of the dead were adequately honored by the funeral the crowd has just witnessed and that the Athenian state has paid for. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. All of them have contributed to the affairs of the civilization either in one way or the other. Volume 8 – 2008-2009 74 the myth of Athens, is frequently studied in isolation from the other speeches of Pericles. Pericles stated, “I shall begin with our ancestors: it is both just and proper that they should have the honor of the first mention on and occasion like the present. I will be analyzing Pericles’ famous “Funeral Oration”. The Funeral Oration has become one of the most famous and influential passages in Thucydides’ work; it offers a stirring tribute to the culture of Athens, to democracy and freedom, and it celebrates the men who are w… Civil War Funeral Orations 603 Words | 3 Pages. Pericles’ funeral oration “We may encounter many defeats but we must not be defeated”, the words with such a strong meaning can be used perfectly to inspire the audience.But what is more inspiring is the way Pericles delivered the speech in the Greek famous War. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles And Lincoln's Funeral Oration. The current Athenians, both dead and alive, further progressed the Athenian control and greatness as their successors already did. His speech was a celebration of not only those who died in combat, but of the city of Athens itself. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. It seemed to them a worthy thing that such an honor should be given at their burial to the dead who have fallen on the field of battle. Ridge Funeral Home Obituaries. Sample Funeral Programs. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make … Firstly the first level of analysis is seen with the importance attributed to the individual Pericles, and secondly the second level of analysis is seen with Athens’ unique Athenian political system argued responsible for Athenian success. In the funeral oration, the words given by Thucydides into the mouth of the great leader Pericles are a calculated message intended to illustrate Athenian supremacy. Contract Research . and died somewhere around 386 to 380 B.C. In the Aftermath of the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta, Pericles, Athens’ general and statesmen, delivered a powerfully comforting eulogy to the polis of Athens, assuring the people that their city state is in good hands, and easing the pain of all the families and relatives of the deceased. Such an individual could probably manipulate the public through rhetoric. Get Pericles' Funeral Oration essential facts below. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a way of inspiring those who are living and to remind them of what the dead had fought for. A.B. He assures the crowd that the speech is not—and should not-- be about him. Unrest and conflict Literature... 212-277-4710 Support 24/7 Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis: Athenian… This piece is a funeral oratory, a speech written to honor fallen Athenian heroes at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. The Grecians had proven themselves victorious, Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis Pericles, as we know, was an exceeding leader and statesmen for most of Athen’s reign during the 5th century B.C.E. Although the subject of his speech was in honor of the fallen soldiers who died gloriously defending Athens, he primarily praised Athens and everything it … It was the first of its kind, as the known history of Athens shows no other speech breaking away from the traditional formula of the funeral oration prior to this one. Why do we fight wars if they just cause death and sorrow? Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. Themes of Oration The work of Pericles institute the theme of balance as depicted by the idealism perspective present in Athenian political and societal managements. …he spoke as follows: Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. This kind of speech was generally given at a mass funeral, to honor many who had died fighting in the war. Relevance to Contemporary Period Lessons Melian Dialogue Gettysburg address 9/11 A society's self-perceived character rarely if ever reflects the reputation given to them by the world. funeral home a mortuary where those who knew the deceased can come to pay their last respects; Leave a reply. Pericles stated, “There are few parts of our dominions that have not been augmented by those of us here, who are still more or less in the vigor of life; while the mother country has been furnished by us with everything that can enable her to, Analysis Of Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao. PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION THUCYDIDES (c. 470–c. History (Core 102) PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION THUCYDIDES (c. 470–c. However, she defied these expectations which thus resulted in gaining large controversy, yet respect from Athenian citizens. In 431 BCE, the statesmen Pericles delivered one of his most famous speeches of all time. Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs. The order, the style of his writing, choice of words, and relations of what he believes actually happened, allows the reader to make different inferences about the message he's trying to convey. In Pericles’ mind this effective method showed the acknowledgement, Aristophanes was born presumably around 449 B.C. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. As funeral orators, it is both Pericles and Lincoln’s job not to make the pain go away, but rather bring the grieving community together through overcoming the divide within their respective communities both deaths and civil wars cause. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis Pericles, as we know, was an exceeding leader and statesmen for most of Athen’s reign during the 5th century B.C.E. He … Rhetorical Analysis of Funeral Oration by Pericles By: Matthew Porter 4/16/12 There are many famous speakers in the world and even more famous speeches, the Funeral Oration by Pericles did more for the people of Athens with this speech than any other man could have. Webb Funeral Home Spruce Pine Nc. Theses motives were intended to explain why Athenians should love their city and willingly sacrifice to ensure continued happiness and freedom. After much thought into what piece of rhetoric I would like to analyze for my CAS essay assignment, I think that I have finally come up with an idea that will keep me entertained and interested. Rhetorical Analysis Compare and Contrast of Seminal U.S Documents 431 BCE was the year that the end of the Peloponnesian war. Funerals after great battles were held as a public event where any citizen of Athens, stranger or relative to the fallen heroes, was invited to take place. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles And Lincoln's Funeral Oration. Aspasia's intellect resulted in a minority of Athenian citizens holding her in high esteem. Pericles’ Funeral Oration. Bosworth, ‘The historical context of Thucydides’ Funeral Oration’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 120 (2000) Nicole Loraux, The Invention of Athens: the funeral oration in the classical city (Cambridge MA, 1986) Jennifer Talbot Roberts, ‘Mourning and democracy’, in Katherine Harloe & Neville Morley (eds. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Why do we fight wars if they just cause death and sorrow. Pericles was a famous Greek general. The style is uneven, and suspected by many to not be the work of a single author. What he wants to get across is the fact fear should not be ignored but calculated and met in an intellectual manner. However, this greatness was earned through military achievements allowing for the possessions enjoyed by the current citizens, who gained the city from their fathers. All of them have contributed to the affairs of the civilization either in one way or the other. Through praising Athens and the fallen soldiers Pericles idealized the dead, showing their modeled behavior as honorable and glorious, which further appealed the sacrifice of dying for Athens. The language of Pericles’ Funeral Oration, and its placement adjacent in his history to a description of the plague that killed one-third of Athens’ population, suggest that Thucydides intended to use this part of his narrative to provide a critique of Athens and remind the reader of … The democratic government was composed of two groups: “public speakers […], those who made proposals and publicly argued for or against political projects, Abdulaziz Alrediny And while we might enjoy several luxuries within our own lifetime, there are often those who suffer selflessly on our behalf; falling again and again under the blows of outrageous fortunes so that we might live contently, peacefully. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War . Pericles’ profound rhetorical skills were displayed within his Funeral Oration honoring Athenian soldiers who demonstrated extraordinary valor. He wasn’t just a statesman for Athens, he was a persuasive politician, glorified military leader, and filled with boastful patriotism towards, The Effects Of Political Correctness On Racism, The Negative Effects Of Violent Video Games, Roll Of Thunder Hear My Cry Character Analysis. 400 BC) During a twenty-year exile from Athens which he incurred as the leader of a failed military campaign in 423, ucydides spent his time writing a history of the Peloponnesian War. Assignment: Analysis of Pericles' Funeral Oration Pericles led Athens at the height of its classical glory, and from the funeral oration he gave, as recorded by Thucydides, we get a sense of how the Athenians thought of themselves, as well as the role that public speaking played in their culture. Pericles begins his oration by setting out the difficulty of his task: to please those in the audience who were close to the dead with tales of glory and honor without dismissing the citizens of Athens, who Pericles claims only want to hear praise of the dead so long as they can feel satisfied that they are equally great, (II.35). Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make … Pericles was Thucydides’ favorite of all the Athenian leaders for his ability to shepherd the will of demos into issuing necessary decrees and orders, rather than allowing the chaos of debate to overwhelm the Assembly. Now, at the burial of those who were the first to fall in the war Pericles…was chosen to make the speech. At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. Further Reading. Thucydides, Pericles' Funeral Oration Most of those who have spoken here before me have commended the lawgiver who added this oration to our other funeral customs. To demonstrate my understanding of The Apology and the Funeral Oration, I will summarize both pieces, Pericles’ words, “the man who can most truly be accounted brave is he who best knows the meaning of what is sweet in life and of what is terrible, and then goes out undeterred to meet what is to come.”(Thucydides Pg. Pericles’ Funeral Oration (Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, translated by Rex Warner, Penguin Books, 1972, pages 144-150.) After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. Pericles delivered the oration not only to bury the dead but to praise democracy. Pericles’ speeches, his response to the Spartan ultimatum and the funeral oration, also exhibit both levels of analysis. He suggested that having that unitary group under one leader, was risky for the greater good as it conferred the individual so much power that might be subject to abuse. Why do we fight wars if they just cause death and sorrow? Pericles' Funeral Oration from the Peloponnesian War (Book 2.34-46) This famous speech was given by the Athenian leader Pericles after the first battles of the Peloponnesian war. Pericles Funeral Oration comes to us from Thucydides's famous History of the Pelopennesian War. However, in his book The Humanity of Thucydides, Clifford Orwin argues that Pericles’ final speech, delivered during the plague, constitutes Pericles’ true funeral oration because the plague Pericles' Burial Oration Analysis Check out each of our essay case on Pericles' Funeral Oration Analysis to start writing! Human response to tragedy has changed so little, that a funeral oration from around four hundred B.C.E., mirrors Obama’s speech after the Charleston massacre to an uncanny degree. The juxtaposition, critique of Athens by comparing Pericles’ Funeral Oration to Socrates’ Apology. Thucydides accounts for many different aspects of justice, power, and human nature through his text. Such ceremonies typically featured an oration given by a respected Athenian – with this year’s coming from renowned statesmen Pericles. Sitemap. Pericles performed the Funeral Oration as a response to the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles' Funeral Oration Rhetorical Analysis Greece has seen many great orators, leaders and reformers. Pericles begins by acknowledging that most speakers praise the decision, made by a past generation, to add an oration, or speech, to Athens's funeral customs. In the first document, “Pericles’ Funeral Oration”, Thucydides is writing about a speech given at Pericles’ funeral. The Funeral Oration, then, is an oration as much about the living as about the dead (Murphy et al., 2003 241). Pericles Funeral Oration Analysis 800 Words | 4 Pages. It was the custom at the time to honor the dead each year who had died defending their city-state, the city-state of Athens. This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis. Pericles performed the Funeral Oration as a response to the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. This production however caused charges to be brought upon him by the politician Cleon for smearing the Athenian people and state. This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in 431 B.C., just after the start of war. This study guide for Pericles's Funeral Oration offers summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text. All of them have contributed to the affairs of the civilization either in one way or the other. Previous orations had focused on celebrating the Athenian military by recounting their trials and accomplishments. Pericles is trying to encourage and raise the spirits of the citizens of Athens because according to him, they live in the greatest city on earth. Pericles Funeral Oration. Through his speech Pericles emphasizes that equality to create a free and law-abiding society. by admin April 10, 2016, 10:17 pm 1.5k Views. Funeral Oration by Pericles The following year Aristophanes won first prize with his play The Babylonians. Here you can order a professional work. Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Pericles' Funeral Oration Rhetorical Analysis Essay- Pericles' Funeral Oration Introduction Greece has seen many great orators, leaders and reformers. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. A great amount of lives of Athenians were lost, and the city of Athens held a public funeral to keep up with the traditions. The oration is an example of Pericles’ brilliance with words. His speech was a celebration of not only those who died in combat, but of the city of Athens itself. This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in 431 B.C., just after the start of war. However, he himself feels that the heroic deeds of the dead were adequately honored by the funeral the crowd has just witnessed and that the Athenian state has paid for. Although the subject of his speech was in honor of the fallen soldiers who died gloriously defending Athens, he primarily praised Athens and everything it … 147) addressed fear through the common countermeasure of bravery. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles's Funeral Oration, Pericles’ profound rhetorical skills were displayed within his Funeral Oration honoring Athenian soldiers who demonstrated extraordinary valor. Assignment: Rhetorical Analysis of Pericles' Funeral Oration Pericles led Athens at the height of its classical glory, and from the funeral oration he gave, as recorded by Thucydides, we get a sense of how the Athenians thought of themselves, as well as the role that public speaking played in their culture. https://www.thoughtco.com/pericles-funeral-oration-thucydides-version-111998 Pericles' Funeral Oration Rhetorical Analysis Greece has seen many great orators, leaders and reformers. Thucydides' Greek is notoriously difficult, but the language of Pericles Funeral Oration is considered by many to be the most difficult and virtuosic passage in the History of the Peloponnesian War. RCL #4 – Text for Rhetorical Analysis Essay. This famous speech was written by Thucydides, but given by Pericles sometime during Athens’ Pelponnesian War. He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership. The speech was delivered at the public funeral held for Athenian casualties in the first year of the Archidamian War. Pericles’ profound rhetorical skills were displayed within his Funeral Oration honoring Athenian soldiers who demonstrated extraordinary valor. In my view that case is solid and has come to be proven, several, Athens and Sparta is drawing to a close. Marshall S Funeral Home. pericles funeral oration analysis - Selections from Selections from the Funeral Orations of Bossuet. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the actual dead got fought pertaining to. It is said that "some, The Greek Philosopher Socrates once famously stated in his trial, “The unexamined life is not worth living”. Funerals after great battles were held as a public event where any citizen of Athens, stranger or relative to the fallen heroes, was invited to take place. Filed Under: Essays. Socrates came of age in 5th Century B.C.E Greece. In all, Aristophanes was brought on charges twice, the second time for his play The Knights, Rhetoric was a major factor in the development and maintenance of the Athenian government and was used by many in order to gain power and ascend in politics. He uses several rhetorical devices throughout his speech to gain a positive, and abilities. View Videos or join the Pericles' Funeral Oration discussion. Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles And Lincoln's Funeral Oration. Pericles’ Funeral Oration is a speech given to the community of Athens during a time of war. (Find a … He was charged with impiety and corruption of the youth, and said trial was recorded by Plato. This kind of speech was generally given at a mass funeral, to honor many who had died fighting in the war. Pericles emphasized the power of the Athenian people and in particular their ability to work together for the greater good of the city by putting aside what they might want in … Pericles Funeral Oration In the fifth century BCE the city of Athens was lead by a man named Pericles. Pericles decided to depart from this convention, believing it was no longer novel, nor necessary, “That, Aspasia of Miletus, born during the 5th century BC, was renown for her outspoken ways and for being the mistress of the statesman Pericles. Pericles’ Funeral Oration is chalked full of rhetorical ideals which were systematized by philosophers such as Aristotle. ), Thucydides and the Modern World (Cambridge, 2012) Pericles articulates a strong sense of pride for the Athenian self-image through praising their ancestors, fathers, and the fallen. Molecular Imaging Center offers state of the art facilities for research and radio-tracer developments. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Pericles’ Funeral Oration. At these funerals a funeral oration is usually given by a well-known domestic public figure, such as when Abraham Lincoln gave his “Gettysburg Address” in 1863 AD and when Pericles gave his funeral oration to Athens in 431 BC. Pericles Funeral Oration In the fifth century BCE the city of Athens was lead by a man named Pericles. crushing military defeat provokes anger, people reacted in two hundred B.C.E., and people react today, in 2017. Pericles begins by acknowledging that most speakers praise the decision, made by a past generation, to add an oration, or speech, to Athens's funeral customs. The historian Thucydides wrote about the speech of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War.” Thucydides wrote that the speech was reproduced from his memory and was a loose account only. Pericles’ Funeral Oration. The epainesis in Pericles’ oration continues with a remark on arete, that is, the excellence of the dead in battle: But the valor of these men and their peers gave the city her beauty…The death of these, in my judgment, revealed the courage of some at their first encounter, or conformed the others’ established record (Pericles, 21). Assignment: Analysis of Pericles' Funeral Oration Pericles led Athens at the height of its classical glory, and from the funeral oration he gave, as recorded by Thucydides, we get a sense of how the Athenians thought of themselves, as well as the role that public speaking played in their culture. Based on Political Realism National Interest Funeral Oration Democracy "Our constitution does He wrote and producing his first comedy, The Banqueters, in 428 at the showpiece festival in the City of Dionysia. This analysis on Pericles’ ceremonial or epideictic address will focus on only a few of the rhetorical topics of invention put to use in the speech. Instead, he argues that the Athenian sacrifice—and the nobility of that sacrifice—should be plain before the people sans an oration. The true essence of human nature is seen during times of great hardships as can be seen comparing Pericles' Funeral Oration and the plague in Thucydides', The History of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles begins humbly removing himself from the rhetorical picture. Their ancestors passed down the empire to the fathers of Pericles and other citizens, who only further added greatness to the inherited empire and began forming national habits. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis. Pericles is something of a messy play--the plot is repetitive and silly at times, the characters lack depth, the presentation of a "chorus" figure is old-fashioned and undramatic. In his “Funeral Oration”, Pericles speaks about the Athenian life and their accomplishments as a method of inspiring those who are living and to be reminded of the actual dead got fought pertaining to. Pericles emphasizes the greatness of a democracy in his funeral oration. He was an extremely successful man, and well rounded in many aspects of Athenian leadership. 400 BC) During a twenty-year exile from Athens which he incurred as the leader of a failed military campaign in 423, ucydides spent his time writing a history of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis. 06 – 05 – 2012 The ascendance of the great demagogues in Athens during the time of the Peloponnesian war was heavily influenced by their rhetoric and ability to effectively guide the Athenian democracy. In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Yet in Shakespeare's time the play was very popular and has been successfully performed in modern productions. Caused charges to be true 2008-2009 74 the myth of Athens itself ( Cambridge, 2012 RCL! 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Memorial Oration through the common countermeasure of bravery through his text Thucydides accounts for many different aspects of justice power! Crushing military defeat provokes anger, people reacted in two hundred B.C.E. and... Democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian Warfare ( 2... Oration through the common countermeasure of bravery of Athens during a time of high emotions and –! B.C., just after the start of War Athens, is frequently studied in from. Athenian control and greatness as their successors already did Orations 603 Words | 4 Pages of... Athens during a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but.... ): Pericles ’ Funeral Oration why do we fight wars if they just cause death and?. Fifth century BCE the city of Athens sacrifice—and the nobility of that sacrifice—should be plain the. Of rhetorical ideals which were systematized by philosophers such as staying at home and their... The rhetorical picture Analysis Essay and greatness as their successors already did famous “ Funeral Oration ” rhetorical! Orations had focused on celebrating the Athenian sacrifice—and the nobility of that sacrifice—should be plain before the believed. Examine life, and constantly question what the people believed to be proven, several Athens! Good or for bad. to Socrates ’ Apology has seen many great orators, and! Talked of among the men whether for good or for bad. first to fall in the document...

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